When can I take maternity leave?
Maternity leave applies from 6 weeks before the calculated date of birth until 8 weeks after the actual birth of the child. There are exceptions to this rule:
- Prohibition to work: Employers must protect the health of the pregnant or breastfeeding person. The first step for the employer is to improve working conditions if there is a risk to health. If this is not possible, employers must find another workplace in the company where her health is not at risk. If this is not possible either, the employer must not require the employee to work further.
- In certain cases, maternity leave after birth can be extended to 12 weeks: Premature birth, multiple births or if the child has a disability.
As soon as employers are aware of a pregnancy, they must implement the provisions of the Maternity Leave Act and protect your health. Furthermore, he/she may only terminate you in a few exceptions.
If you really want to, you can continue working during the protection period until the birth. However, the employer may not push you to do so.
After the birth, the protection period must be observed. The person may only go back to work 8 weeks after the birth. There are exceptions to this rule: